There are several potential causes of polyuria and polydipsia, and the underlying cause of these symptoms must be determined before appropriate treatment can be initiated.
The occurrence of polyuria and polydipsia usually does not constitute an emergency, but several potentially serious diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, kidney failure, liver failure or high blood calcium caused by a malignancy) may be the underlying cause of the symptoms. Hypercalcemia can be a medical emergency and if identified should be treated appropriately with intravenous saline solution and diuretics.
You should also monitor your dog for any clinical abnormalities and discuss them with your veterinarian. Monitor the amount of water consumed by your dog and try to identify any changes in urinary behavior and urine output. Also monitor your dog's appetite and activity level. Discuss any changes you observe or concerns you may have with your veterinarian.
Polyuria and polydipsia cannot be prevented, and successful treatment depends on identification of the underlying disease causing these symptoms.
Monitor your pet for any outward signs of illness and discuss them with your veterinarian. Monitor the amount of water your pet drinks and observe your pet for changes in his urinary habits. Discuss any changes with your veterinarian.
There are no general recommendations for prevention of polyuria and polydipsia. Treatment depends upon the underlying cause.