Small puppy got into my diabetes pill

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Our question this week was:

We have a small puppy (Molly) that is half dachshund and Chihuahua. She grabbed a diabetes pill of mine (Glipizide 5MG) and chewed it up... I was able to pull about half of the pill from her mouth but she swallowed the rest... will this hurt Molly?

Carl Nehlig

Answer

Glipizide is common medication used to treat diabetes in people. If your dog got half a pill – that might be enough to cause symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) depending on what your dog weights.

Signs of low blood sugar may include lethargy, weakness, stumbling, acting very tried or inappropriate. Severe signs of a low blood sugar can include seizures and coma.

I'd recommend you call your local veterinarian or emergency clinic immediately for their recommendation. Know the weight of your dog when you call, the amount of medication Molly got and what time she got it.

For my clients, if I know they just got the medications and I am worried about signs of toxicity for this particular type of medication, I may ask them to induce vomiting at home. This is only effective if done within the first hour or so of ingestion (while the medication is still in the stomach). I'll recommend for them to give their dog three percent hydrogen peroxide to induce vomiting at a dose of approximately one teaspoon per 10 pounds of body weight.

If it has been longer than an hour, depending on the amount ingested and the size of the dog, I may recommend that they come in to our hospital for evaluation and monitoring (blood glucose checks and possibly treatment with intravenous dextrose). If the dose seems low and toxicity is unlikely, I may recommend close monitoring at home and frequent small meals at home to help keep the blood glucose level up until the medication be eliminated from their bodies.

If you notice any signs of low blood glucose, your pet should be evaluated immediately.

Best of luck!

Dr. Debra





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About The Author

debra-primovic Dr. Debra Primovic

Debra A. Primovic, BSN, DVM, Editor-in-Chief, is a graduate of the Ohio State University School of Nursing and the OSU College of Veterinary Medicine. Following her veterinary medical training, Dr. Primovic practiced in general small animal practices as well as veterinary emergency practices. She was staff veterinarian at the Animal Emergency Clinic of St. Louis, Missouri, one of the busiest emergency/critical care practices in the United States as well as MedVet Columbus, winner of the AAHA Hospital of the year in 2014. She also spends time in general practice at the Granville Veterinary Clinic. Dr. Primovic divides her time among veterinary emergency and general practice, editing, writing, and updating articles for PetPlace.com, and editing and indexing for veterinary publications. She loves both dogs and cats but has had extraordinary cats in her life, all of which have died over the past couple years. Special cats in her life were Kali, Sammy, Pepper and Beanie.