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Body Structure & Function

Results 21-34 of 34 in Body Structure & Function
 
21. Structure and Function of the Mammary System in Dogs
The mammary system is comprised of the mammary glands or breasts and is present in all mammals. The chief function of the mammary glands is to provide milk or nourishment to the newborn. In males, mammary glands exist in a rudimentary state.
22. Structure and Function of the Muscular System in Dogs
Most dogs are built for endurance, not speed, and their muscles reflect this. The muscle structure of the dog is much the same as its wolf ancestor, allowing the animal to jump, run, stalk and engage in battle.
23. Structure and Function of the Pancreas in Dogs
The pancreas serves two main functions. First, it produces and stores enzymes and fluids that help digestion. Secondly, the pancreas produces and secretes hormones that are very important in the regulation of blood sugar.
24. Structure and Function of the Pituitary Gland in Dogs
The pituitary gland, also referred to as the hypophysis, is a small, oval, reddish gland that is attached to the underside or base of the brain. It is an important link between the nervous system and endocrine system.
25. Structure and Function of the Respiratory Tract in Dogs
The respiratory tract is a diverse system responsible for respiration, without which life would not be possible. Respiration is the term used to describe breathing.
26. Structure and Function of the Skeleton in Dogs
The skeleton is the framework of the body consisting of bones, which are hard rigid forms of connective tissue. A dog's skeleton is formed so the dog can run fast, hunt and chase.
27. Structure and Function of the Skin and Hair Coat in Dogs
The skin and hair coat comprise the outer covering the largest organ of the body. The skin and hair coat combine as the dog’s largest sensory organ, monitoring the environment and influencing body temperature.
28. Structure and Function of the Spleen in Dogs
The spleen is an elongated organ located in the abdomen. Though not essential for life, the spleen serves very important functions related to the blood system. The spleen filters the blood and contributes to the animal’s immune system capability.
29. Structure and Function of the Tail in Dogs
The canine tail consists of between six and 23 highly mobile vertebrae enclosed by muscles, making it capable of finely graded movements that lift the tail, move it from side to side, or draw it down toward the anus or between the hind legs.
30. Structure and Function of the Thyroid Gland in Dogs
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland that produces thyroid hormones. These hormones regulate the rate at which the body carries on its necessary functions. The thyroid hormone is very important for growth and the maintenance of a proper metabolism.
 

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