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Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

By: Dr. Debra Primovic

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Other medical problems can lead to symptoms similar to those encountered in feline immunodeficiency virus. It is important to exclude these conditions before establishing a diagnosis of FIV infection. These conditions include:

  • Anemia

  • Ehrlichiosis, an infectious disease caused by unusual bacteria called rickettsia that live inside of white blood cells or platelets

  • Rocky mountain spotted fever, an infectious disease caused by another rickettsial agent

  • Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection

  • Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a viral disease of cats

  • Fungal infections such as cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis and coccidioidomycosis

  • Toxoplasmosis, an infectious disease caused by a protozoa that completes its life cycle in cats

  • Hemobartonella felis, an infectious disease caused by a bacterial parasite that lives in red blood cells

  • Leukemia, cancer of blood-forming tissues with spread of cancer cells through the bloodstream

  • Lymphoma, solid tumor of the lymphoid tissues that produce lymphocytes

  • Multiple myeloma, a tumor of the antibody-producing B-type lymphocytes

  • Myeloproliferative disease, cancer of the white blood cell producing bone marrow tissue

  • Other forms of cancer

  • Sepsis, body wide infection caused by spread of bacteria or their toxins in the bloodstream

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus, a disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly recognizes certain body tissue components as foreign and attacks them.

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