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Feline Infectious Anemia (Hemobartonellosis)

By: Dr. Arnold Plotnick

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Optimal treatment for your pet requires a combination of home and professional veterinary care. Follow-up can be critical, especially if your pet does not rapidly improve. Administer all prescribed medication as directed and alert your veterinarian if you are experiencing problems treating your pet.

Have your cat re-examined according to a schedule set by your veterinarian, to make sure that the red blood cell count is rising and the anemia is resolving.

The prognosis for recovery is good when hemotropic mycoplasmosis occurs as a primary problem; up to 75 percent survive the episode if a definitive diagnosis is made and therapy is instituted. Even without treatment, about 65 percent of acutely ill cats will survive. Recovered cats become carriers for an unknown duration of time, possibly throughout life. Prior exposure does not induce immunity, and recurrence of disease is theoretically possible, although this rarely happens.

The prognosis is worse if Mycoplasma haemofelis is an opportunist, especially if the primary disorder is FeLV. If the feline leukemia virus has already affected the bone marrow, treatment is usually unrewarding; blood transfusions plus antibiotic therapy does not induce long-term remission.

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