Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum tissue resulting in redness and swelling. The most common cause of gingivitis is dental tartar. Plaque results when bacteria normally found in the mouth mixes with proteins and starches found in saliva to produce a gritty material that adheres to the teeth. Plaque eventually turns into tartar, which accumulates on the teeth especially at the gum line. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, an inflammation around the tooth, and eventual tooth loss.
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