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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Cats

By: PetPlace Veterinarians

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Cardiomyopathy is a general word used to indicate heart muscle disease. Some cardiomyopathies have well defined causes, while the reason for other cardiomyopathies is unknown. Symptoms of cardiomyopathy are not specific, and many heart and lung diseases produce symptoms and clinical findings similar to HCM. The diagnostic tests recommended will help differentiate HCM from the following:

  • Hyperthyroid heart disease (caused by excessive functional activity of the thyroid gland)

  • Hypertensive heart disease (caused by high blood pressure)

  • Feline restrictive cardiomyopathy

  • Feline dilated cardiomyopathy

  • Congenital heart disease

  • Moderate to severe anemia (low red blood cell count; anemia can cause heart enlargement and/or failure in cats with heart disease)

  • Fluid over-infusion (fluid therapy can cause heart failure in cats with heart disease)

  • Primary pericardial diseases (diseases of the sac enclosing the heart and roots of the greater blood vessels)

  • Growth hormone excess

  • Mediastinal mass (a mass in the space between the membrane encasing the lung and lining the thoracic cavity).

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