Lead Toxicity in Cats - Page 5

My Pet: FREE Tools to Care for Your Pet and Connect with Others

Over 10,000 Vet Approved Articles Search All Articles

Lead Toxicity in Cats

By: Dr. Anne Marie Manning

Read By: Pet Lovers
Email To A Friend Print


The foundation of treatment for lead poisoning involves administration of a chelating agent (drug that binds lead in the blood and allows the lead to be removed from the body). Only one chelating agent is used at a given time and the choice of chelating agent depends on availability. However, lead must be removed from the intestinal tract before beginning treatment with chelating agents, because these medications can increase the absorption of lead from the intestinal tract into the blood stream and worsening of the cat's symptoms.

  • Gastric lavage and enemas are used to remove lead objects from the stomach and intestinal tract. During gastric lavage, a large tube is passed through the mouth into the stomach. Water is pumped into the stomach and then drained, removing any stomach contents. This procedure requires sedation of the cat.

  • Surgery is indicated for removal of lead objects if they cannot be removed with gastric lavage and enemas.

  • Succimer is a chelator that is available in tablet form and is administered twice daily for 10 days. If the cat does not require hospitalization for his symptoms, the medication can be administered at home. Succimer can also be dissolved in water and administered rectally in unconscious patients.

  • Calcium EDTA is a chelator that is administered subcutaneously (under the skin) twice a day for five days during the time the patient is hospitalized. Calcium EDTA is not used in patients with pre-existing kidney disease and patients must receive fluids while they are on the drug. If blood lead levels remain high, Calcium EDTA treatment may need to be repeated beginning five days after the first treatment was finished. If the cat develops vomiting or diarrhea while on Calcium EDTA, your veterinarian may need to supplement zinc because Calcium EDTA chelates zinc as well as lead.

  • Penicillamine is a chelating agent that is given orally for long term use following Calcium EDTA therapy. Penicillamine is used primarily in patients with persistently elevated lead levels. This drug can be administered at home.

  • Placement of an intravenous catheter and administration of intravenous fluids is necessary for cats that are dehydrated and for cats that are receiving calcium EDTA.

  • Administration of anticonvulsants such as diazepam (Valium®), phenobarbital and pentobarbital may be necessary if the cat is having seizures. These drugs are usually only necessary during the period the cat is hospitalized and are rarely required long term.

  • Administration of thiamine (vitamin B complex) may help reduce some of the symptoms of lead poisoning although the mechanism is unclear. Thiamine is not a chelating agent.

    Follow-up Care

    Optimal treatment for your cat requires a combination of home and professional veterinary care. Follow-up can be critical, especially if your cat does not improve rapidly.

  • Administer all prescribed medications as directed. Alert your veterinarian if you are experiencing problems treating your cat.

  • Prevent re-exposure to lead by removing the source responsible for the original intoxication.

  • Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian to recheck a blood lead level two weeks after therapy has been completed.

  • Comment & Share
    Email To A Friend Print
    Keep reading! This article has multiple pages.

    Cat Photos Enjoy hundreds of beautiful cat photos Let's Be Friends Follow Us On Facebook Follow Us On twitter


    Email to a Friend

    Article to eMail
    Lead Toxicity in Cats

    My Pet
    Coming Soon

    Tools to Care for Your Pet and
    Connect with Others!

    Be the First to Know.
    Notify Me