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What Do Those Words Mean: Diseases and Conditions of Cats

By: PetPlace Veterinarians

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  • Hairballs are an accumulation of swallowed hair in the stomach/esophagus. Symptoms include gagging, regurgitation of hair, food and liquid.

  • Head trauma is an injury to the head that can cause abnormal intra-cranial pressure and neurologic problems. Symptoms include observed injury, lethargy or depression.

  • Heartworm disease (feline) is an infection of the arteries of the lungs by the heartworm parasite. The parasite can injure the lungs and the heart. Symptoms include vomiting, coughing and difficulty breathing.

  • Hemangiosarcoma is a cancer of blood vessels, often affecting the spleen, liver, heart and lungs. Symptoms include weakness or collapse and difficulty breathing.

  • Hepatic diseases refer to various liver diseases. Symptoms include anorexia and lethargy.

  • Hepatic encephalopathy refers to liver disease associated with mental or behavioral changes. Symptoms include disorientation and seizures.

  • Hip dysplasia is a malformation and/or degeneration of the hip joint. Symptoms include lameness and pain.

  • Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's Disease) is a condition caused by excessive amounts of naturally occurring cortisone. Symptoms include excessive drinking and a pendulous abdomen.

  • Hypercalcemia is high levels of calcium within the blood. Symptoms include excessive urination and lethargy.

  • Hypertension is high blood pressure. Symptoms include exercise intolerance and difficulty breathing.

  • Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid gland or too much thyroid hormone. Symptoms include weight loss and excessive eating.

  • Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison's disease) is a condition caused by inadequate amounts of cortisone and other adrenal gland hormones. Symptoms include lethargy and anorexia.

  • Hypothyroidism is abnormally low thyroid function. Symptoms include lethargy and weight gain.

  • Infectious tracheobronchitis is kennel cough (inflammation of the trachea and bronchus causing coughing). Symptoms include coughing and gagging.

  • Inflammatory bowel disease is an inflammatory disease of the intestines. Symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea.

  • Intervertebral disc disease (cervical)is an abnormality of the neck. Symptoms include neck pain and reluctance to exercise.

  • Intervertebral disc disease (thoracolumbar) is a disc abnormality of the mid back. Symptoms include back pain and hind limb weakness.

  • Laryngeal paresis /paralysis is inadequate movement of the voice box. Symptoms include difficulty breathing and noisy respiration.

  • Lick granuloma/acral dermatitis is inflammation of the skin caused by licking. Symptoms include itching, licking and red skin.

  • Liver disease (feline hepatic lipidosis) is fatty liver disease. Symptoms include anorexia, jaundice and weight loss.

  • Liver disease (hepatic neoplasia) is cancer of the liver. Symptoms include anorexia and weight loss.

  • Lumbosacral disease is disease of the spine over the lower back. Symptoms include pian and hind limb lameness.

  • Lymphosarcoma (feline) is a malignant (cancerous) change of lymphocytes (a type of cell found in lymph glands or tissue). Symptoms vary but may include anorexia and lethargy.

  • Mast cell tumor is a cancer arising from cells commonly found in the skin, intestine and spleen. Symptoms include skin mass (can look like any mass) and red skin.

  • Neoplasia of the oral cavity (general) is cancer of the mouth. Symptoms include bad breath and hypersalivation.

  • Osteosarcoma is malignant cancer of the bone. Symptoms include lameness and swollen bones.

  • Otitis externa is inflammation/infection of the outer ear canal. Symptoms include shaking head, discharge, odor and scratching.

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