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Learn about Bernese Mountain Dog diseases



Common Diseases and Disorders

In general, the Bernese mountain dog is a healthy dog with few medical concerns. However, the following diseases or disorders have been reported:

  • Gastric torsion (bloat) is a life-threatening sudden illness associated with the stomach filling with air and twisting.

  • Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that results in pain, lameness and arthritis.

  • Elbow dysplasia is the abnormal development of certain parts of the elbow joint during the growing phase.

  • Osteocondrosis of the shoulder is congenital problem that causes degenerative joint disease of the shoulder joint.

  • Entropion is a problem with the eyelid that causes inward rolling. Lashes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball and may lead to more serious problems.

  • Cataracts cause a loss of the normal transparency of the lens of the eye. The problem can occur in one or both eyes and can lead to blindness.

  • Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes nerve cells at the back of the eye to degenerate. The condition usually begins in older pets and can lead to blindness.

  • Heat stroke can occur when dogs are exposed to excessively high environmental temperatures and do not have the ability to dissipate heat, often due to a thick hair coat.

    In addition, although these occur infrequently, the following disorders have also been reported:

  • Color dilution alopecia is a disease that causes hair loss.

  • Nasal Depigmentation is the loss of normal pigmentation over the nose region in some dogs. Seasonal depigmentation is also seen in this breed.

    Life Span

    The life span of the Bernese mountain dog is approximately 8 to 10 years.


    We realize that each dog is unique and may display other characteristics. This profile provides generally accepted breed information only.









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