Yorkshire Terrier

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Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier The Yorkshire terrier, well known for long flowing tresses, is a tiny but tough breed. Originally used to hunt rats, the Yorkie is a popular active pet.

The Yorkshire terrier has been one of the top breeds based on the American Kennel Club (AKC) tallies.

History and Origin

As Scottish weavers migrated from Scotland to England in the mid 19th century, they brought along various terriers used to hunt rats. Over time, these terriers were bred together until the Yorkshire terrier was developed.

Originally, the breed was called the "broken-haired scotch terrier." In 1870, a reporter at a dog show stated that the breed should be renamed the Yorkshire terrier since most of the breed development occurred in the town of Yorkshire.

The breed was originally used as a working dog but became a fashionable pet in England in the late Victorian era. In 1872, the Yorkie made his entrance into the United States and has since been a favorite.

Appearance and Size

The Yorkshire terrier is a member of the toy breed group. The ears are erect and the tail is docked. The best-known feature of the breed is the long flowing hair coat, which requires constant care. The long hair on the head is usually tied on top with a bow to prevent the hair from getting in the face and eyes. The hair coat is typically dark steel blue complimented with shades of tan.

The Yorkshire terrier stands eight inches at the shoulder and weighs three to seven pounds.


Yorkshire terriers are excellent watchdogs, readily alerting their family when strangers approach. In comparison, females tend to be better watchdogs than males. Male Yorkies tend to let the females do all the work.

Yorkies willingly share their homes and families with other breeds. They are primarily indoor dogs but, since they are terriers at heart, they can live a rugged outdoor terrier life. With proper care and attention, they can live anywhere.

Home and Family Relations

The Yorkie is generally not very tolerant of children but can do well if raised with them. They are affectionate and loyal to the family but can be aggressive towards strangers if not properly socialized.


The Yorkshire terrier is intelligent and easily trained in basic obedience.

Special Concerns

Even though the Yorkshire terrier is generally thought of as a pet, they are still terriers at heart and readily chase and kill rodents. Yorkies should not be allowed unsupervised time with small pets such as hamsters, rabbits and guinea pigs.

The long hair coat requires daily care to prevent tangles and mats.

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Common Diseases

Yorkshire Terrier
  • Patellar Luxation Patella luxation is a condition in which the patella (knee-cap) no longer glides within its natural groove in the femur, the upper bone of the knee joint.
  • Urolithiasis Urolithiasis refers to the formation of stones (calculi or uroliths) in the urinary tract.
  • Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood glucose or blood sugar concentration of less than 70 mg/dl of blood.
  • Cataracts A cataract is any opacity in the lens of the eye. The normal lens is translucent (clear), and it transmits and focuses light onto the retina in the back of the eye.
  • Portosystemic Shunt A portosystemic shunt is an abnormal communication between blood vessels, which causes blood to bypass the liver.

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