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Born in the USA - American Dog Breeds

By: Petplace Staff

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  • Alaskan Malamute. The Alaskan malamute is one of the oldest of the Arctic sled dogs, powerfully built and originally bred to pull heavy weight over long distance in harsh conditions. The exact origin of the Alaskan malamute is uncertain, as is the origin of the people who came to inhabit the land now called Alaska (the Inuits). Written accounts exist of an Inuit tribe called the Mahlemut, who settled along the shores in the upper western part of Alaska, and are believed to have bred these dogs to pull sleds and as pack animals. The dogs are named for the tribe. Over time, the name changed to malamute.

  • Australian Shepherd. Despite his name, the Australian shepherd that we know today was developed in the United States. In the 1800s, Basque sheepherders came to the United States from Australia with their herds. With them, they brought their herding dogs. During this time, American farmers were looking for an intelligent, versatile dog to manage their flocks. They bred the Australian herding dogs with American herding dogs to create a well-rounded working dog.

  • Black and tan Coonhound. The black and tan coonhound is an excellent hunter that barks when his quarry is in a tree. Their beautiful black and tan coat gives them their name.The black and tan coonhound is an old breed developed in the American south by crossing foxhounds and bloodhounds based on their colors. It is likely that the Virginia foxhound, a black and tan dog, was also involved. In addition to breeding for color, these dogs were also bred for their ability to track and tree raccoons and opossums. They have also been used to hunt bear, deer and mountain lion. The breed will track his quarry based on scent and will then bark when the animal is in a tree.

  • Chesapeake Bay Retriever. The Chesapeake Bay retriever, also known as the Chessie, has been around since the early 1800s. To fully understand the Chessie, one must understand the environment in which this breed was developed.The Chesapeake Bay is on the East Coast of the United States. This region has exceptionally harsh and unforgiving winters. The icy conditions make it difficult for many breeds to work in this area. This region also boasts thousand of migratory game birds, making it a hunter's paradise. Chessies were bred to withstand these harsh conditions. They are very well equipped for this environment with a thick, warm, waterproof coat. They have deep chests for endurance and webbed feet for swimming.

  • Plott Hound. The Plott hound originated in the southern United States by the Plott family. In the mid 18th century, the Jonathan Plott family of North Carolina began developing the breed by mixing bloodhounds and other breeds. The breed was used to hunt bear, wild boar, coyotes and wolves and is very persistent and courageous – known for not backing down. In 1989, the Plott hound was adopted as the state dog of North Carolina.

  • Toy Fox Terrier. The toy fox terrier was developed in the early 1900s in the United States. It was developed through careful breeding of the smooth fox terrier with Chihuahuas, Italian greyhounds and English toy terriers. Originally, the toy fox terrier was intended to be used to as a ratter. Eventually, he became a beloved family companion. In 2003, the American Kennel Club accepted the toy fox terrier.

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