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Hematuria (Blood in Urine) in Dogs

By: Dr. Bari Spielman

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Diagnosis

Your veterinarian may recommend one or more of the following tests to evaluate your pet for hematuria:

  • Urinalysis
  • Urine culture and sensitivity
  • Microscopic examination of vaginal smears
  • Complete blood count
  • Serum biochemistry tests
  • Clotting profile including platelet count
  • Plain abdominal X-rays
  • Contrast dye X-ray studies
  • Abdominal ultrasound examination

    Treatment

    Treatment depends upon the diagnosis. Your veterinarian may prescribe one or more of the following treatments for your dog:

  • Antibiotics for possible bacterial infection of the urinary or genital tracts

  • Dietary changes for certain types of calculi (stones)

  • Fluid therapy for dehydration

  • Vitamin K for consumption of anti-coagulant rat poison

    Home Care

    The presence of blood in the urine (hematuria) is abnormal. If you observe hematuria, you should take your pet to your veterinarian for evaluation.

    Observe your pet closely for any of the associated clinical signs such as pain or straining when urinating. If possible, obtain a voided (free-catch) urine sample from your pet and take it with you when you visit your veterinarian.

    Administer all prescribed medications as directed by your veterinarian. Promptly bring any unexpected changes in your pet's condition to the attention of your veterinarian. Evaluate your pet's environment for the presence of possible toxins, specifically, anti-coagulant rat poison.

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