PetPlace.com Spermatocele - Page 1

My Pet: FREE Tools to Care for Your Pet and Connect with Others


Over 10,000 Vet Approved Articles Search All Articles

Spermatocele

By: Dr. Bari Spielman

Read By: Pet Lovers
Email To A Friend Print
A spermatocele is a cystic distension of the epididymis, the elongated cordlike structure that provides for storage, transit, and maturation of sperm. This condition is usually associated with a blockage of the epididymis. The accumulation of sperm eventually results in an inflammatory process, and the development of a nodule of tissue, referred to as a sperm granuloma. They can be unilateral or bilateral.

Causes

  • Trauma

  • Adenomysis is a condition characterized by the ingrowth of the epididymis lining into the deeper tissues, which may be associated with excess estrogenic stimulation.

  • Hyperplasia is an overgrowth of the lining of the epididymis.

    Spermatocele is seen in intact (non-neutered) male dogs of any breed. The risk of developing this disorder increases with age.

    What to Watch For

  • Spermatoceles are rarely associated with pain
  • Dogs with one-sided involvement generally remain fertile, and the condition often goes undiagnosed.
  • Infertility is often seen if both testes are involved.

    Diagnosis

  • Thorough testicular examination
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Biochemical profile
  • Urinalysis
  • A scrotal ultrasound may detect a spermatocele
  • Assay for canine follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) may reveal a normal concentration associated with bilateral blockage of the epididymis
  • An obstruction of the duct should be suspected in a dog that is unable to produce sperm; however, there is normal spermatogenesis (sperm production) on testicular biopsy

    Treatment

  • There is no medical management available to unblock an obstructed (blocked) epididymis

  • Surgical correction can be attempted, although it is not routinely performed in veterinary medicine

    Home Care

    If a breeding stud is infertile, have your dog evaluated by your veterinarian. Dogs without sperm rarely recover.
    A spermatocele is a cystic distension of the epididymis, the elongated cordlike structure that provides for storage, transit, and maturation of sperm. This condition is usually associated with a blockage of the epididymis. The accumulation of sperm eventually results in an inflammatory process, and the development of a nodule of tissue, referred to as a sperm granuloma. They can be unilateral or bilateral.

    Causes

  • Trauma

  • Adenomysis is a condition characterized by the ingrowth of the epididymis lining into the deeper tissues, which may be associated with excess estrogenic stimulation.

  • Hyperplasia is an overgrowth of the lining of the epididymis.

    Spermatocele is seen in intact (non-neutered) male dogs of any breed. The risk of developing this disorder increases with age.

    What to Watch For

  • Spermatoceles are rarely associated with pain
  • Dogs with one-sided involvement generally remain fertile, and the condition often goes undiagnosed.
  • Infertility is often seen if both testes are involved.

    Diagnosis

  • Thorough testicular examination
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Biochemical profile
  • Urinalysis
  • A scrotal ultrasound may detect a spermatocele
  • Assay for canine follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) may reveal a normal concentration associated with bilateral blockage of the epididymis
  • An obstruction of the duct should be suspected in a dog that is unable to produce sperm; however, there is normal spermatogenesis (sperm production) on testicular biopsy

    Treatment

  • There is no medical management available to unblock an obstructed (blocked) epididymis

  • Surgical correction can be attempted, although it is not routinely performed in veterinary medicine

    Home Care

    If a breeding stud is infertile, have your dog evaluated by your veterinarian. Dogs without sperm rarely recover.

  • Comment & Share
    Email To A Friend Print

    Dog Photos Enjoy hundreds of beautiful dog photos Let's Be Friends Follow Us On Facebook Follow Us On twitter

    Close

    Email to a Friend

    Article to eMail
    Spermatocele




    Thanks!
    Close
    My Pet
    Coming Soon

    Tools to Care for Your Pet and
    Connect with Others!

    Be the First to Know.
    Notify Me