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What Do Those Abbreviations Mean?

By: PetPlace Staff

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  • ICU – intensive care unit
  • IC – intracardiac
  • ID – intradermal
  • IFA – indirect fluorescent antibody
  • Ig – immunoglobulin
  • IM – intramuscular
  • IMHA – immune-mediated hemolytic anemia
  • Inj – injection
  • IO – intraosseus
  • IOP – intraocular pressure
  • IP – intraperitoneal
  • IPPV – intermittent positive pressure ventilation
  • ITP – immune-mediated thrombocytopenia
  • IU – international units
  • IV – intravenous
  • IVDD – intervertebral disk disease
  • IVP – intravenous pyelogram
  • K9 – canine
  • K – potassium
  • KBr – potassium bromide
  • Kcal – kilocalorie(s)
  • KCS – keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Kg – kilogram(s)
  • L – liter(s)
  • L1, L2 – first, second lumbar vertebra
  • LA – left atrium
  • Lat – lateral
  • Lb. – pound
  • LDDST – low dose dexamethasone suppression test
  • LH – luteinizing hormone
  • LN – lymph node(s)
  • LRS – lactated ringers solution
  • LSA – lymphosarcoma
  • LV – left ventricle
  • LVT – licensed veterinary technician
  • Lymphs – lymphocytes
  • Mg – milligram
  • MI – mitral insufficiency - in humans commonly used for myocardial infarction
  • Ml – milliliter
  • MM – mucous membranes
  • MR – mitral regurgitation
  • MRI – magnetic resonance imaging
  • MS – musculoskeletal
  • Na – sodium
  • NAF – no abnormal findings
  • NPO – nothing per os/no food or water by mouth
  • NSA – normal sinus arrhythmia
  • NSF – no significant findings
  • NSR – normal sinus rhythm
  • NSU – no significant change from last exam
  • NVL – no visible lesions
  • O – owner
  • O2 – oxygen
  • OD – right eye
  • OES – old English sheepdog
  • OFA – Orthopedic Foundation For Animals
  • OHE – ovariohysterectomy
  • OR – operating room
  • OS – left eye
  • OSI – owner stopped in
  • OU – both eyes
  • OV – office visit
  • Oz – ounce
  • Path – pathology
  • P.C. – after meals
  • PCFO – phone call from owner
  • PCTO – phone call to owner
  • PCV – packed cell volume
  • PDA – patent ductus arteriosus
  • PE – physical examination/pulmonary edema
  • PEA – pulseless electrical activity (previously EMD)
  • Pl Eff – pleural effusion
  • PLN – peripheral lymph nodes
  • Plt – platelet
  • PO – per os/by mouth
  • PPM – persistent papillary membrane
  • PPMSH – past pertinent medical and surgical history
  • PPN – partial parenteral nutrition
  • PRAA – persistent right aortic arch
  • PRBC – packed red blood cells
  • PRN – as needed
  • PT – prothrombin time
  • PTH – parathyroid hormone
  • PTT – partial thromboplastin time
  • PU/PD – polyuric/polydypsic
  • PVC – premature ventricular contraction
  • Px – prognosis
  • Q – every
  • Q4h – every 4 hours
  • QAR – quiet, alert, responsive
  • QD – every day
  • QID – four times daily
  • QOD – every other day
  • RA – right atrium
  • R & A – resection and anastomosis
  • RACL – ruptured anterior cruciate ligament
  • RBC – red blood cell
  • RDVM – referring veterinary colleague
  • REM – rapid eye movement
  • RMSF – Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  • R/O – rule out
  • RT – radiation therapy
  • RV – right ventricle
  • RVN – registered veterinary nurse
  • RVT – registered veterinary technician
  • Rx – prescription
  • S. – without
  • SA – sinus arrhythmia
  • SC – subcutaneously
  • SID – once per day
  • SLE – systemic lupus erythamatosus
  • Sig: – directions to patient
  • SOAP – signalment, objective, assessment, plan
  • SQ – subcutaneously
  • Staph – staphylococcus
  • Stat – immediately
  • SX – surgery
  • Sz – seizure
  • T – temperature
  • Tab – tablet
  • Tbsp – tablespoon (15 ml)
  • TID – three times per day
  • Top – topically
  • TP – total protein
  • TPN – total parenteral nutrition
  • TPR – temp, pulse, respiratory rate
  • Tsp. – teaspoon (5 ml)
  • Tx – treatment
  • U – units/urine
  • UA – urinalysis
  • UGI – upper gastrointestinal
  • URI – upper respiratory infection
  • URV – upper respiratory virus
  • US – ultrasound
  • UTI – urinary tract infection
  • UO – urinary obstruction
  • V – vomiting
  • VA – veterinary assistant
  • VD – ventrodorsal
  • V/D – vomiting/diarrhea
  • VPC – ventricular premature contraction
  • VWD – von Willebrand's disease
  • WBC – white blood cell
  • WNL – within normal limits
  • Wt – weight
  • X-Ray – radiograph (C-X-ray = chest X-ray; Abd X-ray = abdominal X-ray)

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