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What Do Those Words Mean: Diseases and Conditions of Dogs

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  • Head trauma is an injury to the head that can cause abnormal intra-cranial pressure and neurologic problems. Symptoms include observed injury, lethargy or depression.

  • Heartworm disease is an infection of the arteries of the lungs by the heartworm parasite. The parasite can injure the lungs and the heart. Symptoms include coughing and exercise intolerance.

  • Hemangiosarcoma is a cancer of blood vessels, often affecting the spleen, liver, heart and lungs. Symptoms include weakness or collapse and difficulty breathing.

  • Hepatic diseases refer to various liver diseases. Symptoms include anorexia and lethargy.

  • Hepatic encephalopathy refers to liver disease associated with mental or behavioral changes. Symptoms include disorientation and seizures.

  • Hip dysplasia is a malformation and/or degeneration of the hip joint. Symptoms include lameness and pain.

  • Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's Disease) is a condition caused by excessive amounts of naturally occurring cortisone. Symptoms include excessive drinking and a pendulous abdomen.

  • Hypercalcemia is high levels of calcium within the blood. Symptoms include excessive urination and lethargy.

  • Hypertension is high blood pressure. Symptoms include exercise intolerance and difficulty breathing.

  • Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison's disease) is a condition caused by inadequate amounts of cortisone and other adrenal gland hormones. Symptoms include lethargy and anorexia.

  • Hypothyroidism is abnormally low thyroid function. Symptoms include lethargy and weight gain.

  • Infectious tracheobronchitis is kennel cough (inflammation of the trachea and bronchus causing coughing). Symptoms include coughing and gagging.

  • Inflammatory bowel disease is an inflammatory disease of the intestines. Symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea.

  • Intervertebral disc disease (cervical)is an abnormality of the neck. Symptoms include neck pain and reluctance to exercise.

  • Intervertebral disc disease (thoracolumbar) is a disc abnormality of the mid back. Symptoms include back pain and hind limb weakness.

  • Laryngeal paresis /paralysis is inadequate movement of the voice box. Symptoms include difficulty breathing and noisy respiration.

  • Lick granuloma/acral dermatitis is inflammation of the skin caused by licking. Symptoms include itching, licking and red skin.

  • Liver disease (hepatic neoplasia) is cancer of the liver. Symptoms include anorexia and weight loss.

  • Lumbosacral disease is disease of the spine over the lower back. Symptoms include pian and hind limb lameness.

  • Lyme disease is a tick-borne disease that can cause arthritis and other symptoms.

  • Lymphosarcoma is a malignant (cancerous) change of lymphocytes (a type of cell found in lymph glands or tissue). Symptoms include anorexia and lethargy.

  • Mast cell tumor is a cancer arising from cells commonly found in the skin, intestine and spleen. Symptoms include skin mass (can look like any mass) and red skin.

  • Medial patellar luxation is a disorder in which the knee cap rotates abnormally inward. Symptoms include intermittent hind limb lameness and bowlegged appearance.

  • Megaesophagus is an abnormally enlarged esophagus (the food tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach). Symptoms include regurgitation and weight loss.

  • Neoplasia of the oral cavity (general) is cancer of the mouth. Symptoms include bad breath and hypersalivation.

  • Osteochondrosis/osteochondritis is the abnormal development or degeneration of joint cartilage. Symptoms include lameness and joint pain.

  • Osteosarcoma is malignant cancer of the bone. Symptoms include lameness and swollen bones.

  • Otitis externa is inflammation/infection of the outer ear canal. Symptoms include shaking head, discharge, odor and scratching.

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