PetPlace.com Codeine - Page 1

My Pet: FREE Tools to Care for Your Pet and Connect with Others


Over 10,000 Vet Approved Articles Search All Articles

Codeine

By: Dr. Nicholas Dodman

Read By: Pet Lovers
Email To A Friend Print


Overview

  • Codeine is derived from the opium poppy. Similar in structure to morphine, codeine is used to relieve pain, to suppress cough and act as a sedative.
  • Like morphine, codeine is addictive. It causes dose-dependent respiratory depression, may result in constipation, and also may cause symptoms of withdrawal if discontinued abruptly following prolonged use.
  • Codeine is primarily used in dogs. It has not been used clinically in cats to any great extent, possibly because of the known sensitivity of cats to morphine-like drugs.
  • Codeine is classified as a narcotic agonist (or opiate). Other drugs in this class include morphine, fentanyl, meperidine and oxymorphone.
  • Codeine is a prescription drug and can only be obtained from a veterinarian or by prescription from a veterinarian.
  • Codeine is listed as a controlled substance.
  • Codeine is not approved for use in animals by the FDA, but may be prescribed legally by veterinarians as an extra-label drug.

    Brand Names and Other Names

  • This drug is registered for use in humans only.
  • Human formulations: Codeine sulfate (generic) and codeine phosphate (generic)
  • Veterinary formulations: None

    Uses of Codeine

  • Codeine is used primarily as a pain killer to relieve mild to moderate pain, such as joint pain, muscle pain, back pain and post-surgical pain.
  • Codeine is also used as a cough suppressant and as an anti-diarrheal.

    Precautions and Side Effects

  • While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, codeine may cause side effects in some animals.
  • Codeine should not be used in animals with known hypersensitivity or allergy to the drug.
  • The drug should be avoided in animals with chronic heart failure, advanced respiratory disease and when there is increased pressure within the brain.
  • Codeine should be avoided in patients with head trauma, brain tumors, or hydrocephalus.
  • Codeine should be used with caution in animals with severe kidney or liver disease, and in animals suffering from urinary retention.
  • Codeine may interact with other medications. Consult your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving could interact with codeine. Such drugs include dexamethasone, phenobarbital, rifampin and all central nervous system depressants.

    How Codeine Is Supplied

  • Codeine sulfate is available in 15 mg, 30 mg and 60 mg tablets.
  • Codeine phosphate is available as a 30 mg/ml and 60 mg/ml injection.

    Dosing Information

  • Medication should never be administered without first consulting your veterinarian.
  • In dogs, codeine is dosed at 0.55 mg to 1.1 mg per pound (1.1 to 2.2 mg/kg) orally every 6 to 8 hours to alleviate irritating cough.
  • For pain relief, codeine is dosed at 0.25 to 1 mg per pound (0.5 to 2 mg/kg) orally every 6 to 8 hours.
  • The duration of administration depends on the condition being treated, response to the medication and the development of any adverse effects. Be certain to complete the prescription unless otherwise directed by your veterinarian.




  • Comment & Share
    Email To A Friend Print

    Dog Photos Enjoy hundreds of beautiful dog photos Let's Be Friends Follow Us On Facebook Follow Us On twitter

    Close

    Email to a Friend

    Article to eMail
    Codeine




    Thanks!
    Close
    My Pet
    Coming Soon

    Tools to Care for Your Pet and
    Connect with Others!

    Be the First to Know.
    Notify Me