There’s a very real temptation to believe that a baby parrot – a perfect little interactive bundle of shiny feathers – will remain perfect in every way. Some will. But parrots learn many behaviors that can be either beneficial or destructive.
Here’s how to de-emphasize destructive behaviors and reinforce positive behaviors so you can raise a happy, well-socialized bird.
Bringing Home Your Baby Bird
Don’t bring your baby parrot home until he’s fully weaned. Baby parrots are totally dependent on their parents for many weeks, sometimes many months, for every physical and emotional need. The hand-feeding of baby parrots by humans is an extremely difficult process and one that’s best left to professionals.
A premium baby parrot is ideally transferred to its new home within a few months after the bird is completely weaned. This is generally considered to be the best time to begin behavior training; it’s a window of opportunity to teach your young parrot both human-interactive behaviors and independence.
Although much of your parrot’s behavior will demonstrate a desire to please, the bird will also be especially fond of self-rewarding behaviors-things that are fun simply for the doing. Left alone, many – possibly most – companion parrots will develop bad habits. Especially in long-lived species, the development of only one difficult-to-live-with behavior every year or two can produce an obnoxious bird within a decade
An effective relationship with your parrot must begin with mutual trust. The baby parrot usually comes with these elements already established in its behavior. Cooperative games between you and the bird such as step-ups and towel-peek-a-boos should be repeatedly stimulated, enacted and reinforced to maintain tameness as the bird matures.
Step ups involve a human prompt for the bird to step onto a hand or perch on command. The bird learns what’s expected by practicing stepping from hand to hand and from hand-held-perch to hand or perch on command.
Practice in safe, neutral territory and be sure that your hand is approaching from below toward your bird’s belly, rather than from the front. With regular practice, a strong verbal command to “step-up” is then always greeted with a little lifted foot. Actually, once your parrot learns to associate happy interaction with the words “step-up,” he’ll probably begin using those words when he wants to be picked up. Indeed, many parrots’ first word is “step-up.”
You can also prevent the development of stress reactions to toweling by cuddling, snuggling and playing “peek-a-bird” in a towel. Your parrot will need annual veterinary examinations and grooming at least twice a year and so must learn to enjoy, appreciate or at least tolerate towels. Using a towel in your games will improve trust and condition your new baby bird to cope with being restrained during these potentially stressful interactions.
Many fun-active and passive-interactive games can be played with your bird and a towel. Whether it’s playing “peek-a-boo” from behind a towel or “find-the-toy” (under the towel), the more interactive silliness you can engage in now, the more easily these happy interactions can be stimulated later. All this cooperation patterning when your bird is one, two, three and five years old is intended to prevent the development of uncooperative or violent behavior later, when he reaches sexual maturity.
Each human expecting to interact with the bird should engage in some cooperative routine with it most days for a minute or so, preferably in a variety of ways. Reward any behavior you want to see again so that it will be repeated. Be sure not to accidentally reinforce behaviors you don’t want to see again.
A successful companion parrot must also have a strong sense of self and a sense of independence. Here are some elements that you should foster in your parrot: