The folded ears cause an increased production of wax buildup in some cats, making ear cleaning a necessary part of bi-monthly grooming for both long and shorthaired varieties.
Since the fold is still quite rare, and since not every kitten has folded ears, demand is high and waiting lists are usually long. Price varies depending upon area, breeder, bloodline and quality, as well as gender, body and ear type, and color and pattern. Generally, a pet-quality fold runs $500 to $800, but this can vary.
- American Association of Cat Enthusiasts (AACE)
- American Cat Association (ACA)
- American Cat Fancier’s Association (ACFA)
- Canadian Cat Association (CCA)
- Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA)
- Cat Fanciers’ Federation (CFF)
- The International Cat Association (TICA)
- United Feline Organization (UFO)
The name given to the longhaired Scottish fold varies by association. In the CFA the longhaired Scottish fold is recognized as a division of the Scottish fold breed. TICA, ACA, CCA, and UFO call it the Scottish fold longhair. In CFF it’s called the longhair fold, and ACFA and AACE refer to the breed as the Highland fold.
Since the Scottish fold’s folded ear gene is dominant, all Scottish fold cats must have at least one folded ear parent to have folded ears themselves. When a fold is bred to a straight-eared cat, approximately 50 percent of the kittens will have folded ears, although the actual number of folds in any given litter can vary. The rest will have straight ears. These straight-eared folds are very useful in fold breeding programs and are also sold as pets.
Breeding two folds together increases the number of fold kittens in the resulting litters, but also greatly increases the chances of serious skeletal deformities. Homozygous folds (folds that inherit the folded ear gene from both parents) are much more likely to develop a genetic condition that causes crippling distortion and enlargement of the bones.
Avoiding fold to fold breeding reduces the problem; however, controversy surrounds the breed because of this defect. When buying a fold, be sure to check for signs of the disorder. Short, coarse legs, splayed toes, thickness and lack of mobility in the legs or tail are sure signs of trouble. Determine tail flexibility by moving your hand down the tail in a very gentle slightly upward-arching movement.