When your kitten is about 6 months old or maybe even younger, it's time to have an operation so that he or she won't have kittens. If your cat is male, we call it a neuter operation. If your cat is female, we call it a spay. Your new pet may already be neutered or spayed when you bring him or her home because many cats have the surgery very young – even as early as eight weeks.
Pet overpopulation is a serious problem and by allowing your cat to have litters, you are adding to the problem. Cats can have kittens twice a year. That's a lot of kittens. When people let their cats have kittens when there is no one to take care of them, the kittens become strays or end up in cat shelters. If nobody adopts them, they are eventually euthanized. Finding homes for your new family additions is not as easy as you may think.
Spaying and neutering do more than prevent your cat from having kittens. It also keeps your pet healthy.
Your veterinarian calls spay surgery an ovariohysterectomy, which means removal of the ovaries and the uterus from a female kitten. These are the reasons to spay your kitten:
Your veterinarian calls neuter surgery an orchiectomy or castration, which means removal of the testicles from a male kitten. These are the reasons to neuter your kitten:
Your veterinarian will do the operation in a veterinary hospital. This takes about 30 minutes and is very safe for your kitten. There are some simple things you will have to do to get your kitten ready:
When you bring your pet home, he or she will feel fine, but may be tired and want to sleep. Keep your kitty quiet and don't play rough until your veterinarian says it's okay. This is usually about two weeks.
Don't let your kitten lick or chew any stitches. If this happens, you may have to use a special collar called an E-collar so your kitten can't reach the surgery area. Have your parents check the stitches or surgery area every day to make sure they are healing properly. Your doctor will remove them in 10 to 14 days.