Stud Tail in Cats
Stud tail, also known as supracaudal gland infection, supracaudal gland hyperplasia or feline tail gland hyperplasia, is a condition resulting from overactive sebaceous glands located near the base of the tail. The accumulation of secretions cause matting of hair, scales, and crusting.
In cats, it is sometimes called “Stud Tail” because it is most commonly seen in intact male cats. Sebaceous glands increase their secretion of oils in response to male hormones – called androgens. This causes more oils to be released and an accumulation of oils, hence a possible link for the disease being more common in stud cats. Although more common in intact males cats, the condition can also occur in females and castrated males.
Stud tail is generally a cosmetic problem and does not bother the cat unless complications occur. Excessive oil is produced from the sebaceous glands at the base of the tail can cause the skin to stay moist allowing for secondary bacterial infections to occur. Other complications include thinning of hair and darker pigmentation of the hair.
What to Watch For
Diagnosis of Stud Tail in Cats
Stud tail is most commonly diagnosed based on history and a physical examination. An examination of the skin is done to ensure there are no bite wounds, fleas or other problems that could cause similar signs.
Treatment of Stud Tail in Cats
The treatment for stud tail mostly consists of topical therapy. Symptomatic treatments include:
Keep the area clean and dry. Frequent grooming and combing can disperse the oils and prevent accumulation of the oils in that area, thus preventing the problem.