Trigeminal Neuritis in Cats

Feline Trigeminal Neuritis

Trigeminal neuritis is also known as mandibular paralysis. It is characterized by paralysis of the muscles of mastication, or the chewing muscles. The cause of the disorder is unknown, but the paralysis of the muscles occurs secondary to inflammation of the trigeminal nerves, which supply the muscles of mastication.

Trigeminal neuritis occurs in both dogs and cats, but is much more common in dogs. No breed, age, or sex predispositions exist.

What to Watch For

Diagnosis of Feline Trigeminal Neuritis

Treatment of Feline Trigeminal Neuritis

Treatment consists of supportive care, mainly consisting of assisting the animal to eat and drink. In some cases, this may require tube feeding.

Home Care and Prevention

Most animals recover in 2 to 3 weeks. During the recovery period, owners must ensure their pet is getting adequate food and water. This can usually be achieved by syringe feeding, as instructed by your veterinarian, or feeding via a tube.

There is no means of preventing trigeminal neuritis, since its cause is unknown.