The Entlebucher Mountain Dog, also known as the Entle, Entlebucher Cattle Dog or Entlebucher Sennenhund, is the smallest of a group of Swiss herding dogs (collectively called “Sennenhunds”). The other three breeds in this group include: Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, and Appenzeller.
History and Origin of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The Sennenhunds were originally developed from large breed dogs called molossers (ancestors of breeds such as Mastiffs, Newfoundlands, and Saint Bernards) which were brought to Switzerland by ancient Romans. The breed has typically been used for guarding and herding livestock; however, in modern times, the Entle primarily serves as a family companion.
Appearance and Size of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The Entle stands about 19-20 inches in height at the shoulder, and weighs approximately 45-65 pounds. The smooth, short, but hard coat is usually tricolor (black, tan, and white). Although medium in size, the Entle is compact and muscular. In some countries, the tail may be docked.
Personality of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Generally speaking, the Entle is loyal, intelligent, and highly active. This breed desires daily exercise over and above a stroll around the neighborhood. Entles can be excellent competitors in dog sports such as agility, fly ball, or herding. Because they were bred to be workers, they thrive in an environment where they can have a “job.”
Home and Family Relations with the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The Entle is loyal and protective of his family. While he is a loving family companion, he can be suspicious of strangers in or around the home. The Entle craves attention and exercise, and loves to observe and be involved in all the household goings-on. When properly socialized, the breed can live harmoniously with children (especially older children) and other household pets, such as cats.
Training of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Being highly intelligent, the Entle can soak up training lessons like a sponge, especially when a puppy. It is recommended to begin training as early as possible to help foster good behaviors from the start. The Entle can be a bit headstrong at times, so short, frequent training sessions using positive reinforcements are the most effective.
Grooming of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The short coat of the Entle poses no special grooming issues. Occasional brushing helps to remove dead hair. Regular cleaning of ears and teeth is recommended, as is regular nail trimming.
Special Care of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
Make no mistake: although this is a medium-sized dog, the Entle is exceptionally strong and is physical in its play style. Care should be exercised if a family has small children who can be easily knocked over and inadvertently hurt when the Entle is attempting to play. As the Entles have an deep-seated tendency to guard their families, early socialization is highly recommended to help Entles become more comfortable with various people and situations.
Common Diseases and Disorders of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The following disorders or conditions have been observed in this breed:
Life Span of the Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The average life span of the Entle is approximately 10-13 years.