While most people have heard of the English bulldog and the French bulldog, many may not know about the American bulldog. The American version of the bulldog has longer legs, and it is faster and agiler than the English bulldog. Muscular, sturdy and powerful, they were used as working dogs for many tasks including guarding and hunting.
The American bulldog is known for its loyalty and bravery. This dog has a happy, protective and energetic personality. This breed loves children and has strong protective instincts. When they are raised with cats and other dogs they will generally get along well, but they can be aggressive toward unknown cats and dogs. The American bulldog has a lifespan of about 10 to 12 years.
Over time, the American bulldog came very close to extinction. But in the mid-20th century two men decided to restore the American bulldog – John D. Johnson with his stud dog “Dick the Bruiser” and Allen Scott with his stud dog “Mac the Masher”.
Johnson American bulldogs are also known as classic American bulldogs. This type of American bulldog is the larger of the two types. Typically the Johnson American bulldog will stand about 23 to 27 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 90 and 120 pounds.
The Johnson American bulldog has heavier bones, wider chests and boxier heads. It more closely resembles the English bulldog. It has an undershot bite.
While the Scott line of bulldogs is usually pure white, the Johnson line of bulldogs is usually white in color with patches of red, brown or black. It has a wider and stockier body that most closely resembles a bull mastiff. A Johnson American bulldog can weigh 120 pounds or more.
The Johnson American bulldog has larger bones than the Scott American bulldog. His legs extend out to the sides of his body like his ancestor, the English bulldog. He has facial wrinkles and a signature underbite.
The Scott American bulldog is often called the standard American bulldog. It stands about 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder. The Scott American bulldog looks like an oversized white pit bull. The Scott American bulldog has longer legs that are positioned under the body, not out to the side like the Johnson American bulldog. This dog has a longer muzzle. The bite is either level or a slight underbite.
The Scott American bulldog is sleek and muscular, and it is smaller and more athletic than the Johnson American bulldog.
The characteristics of the Scott American bulldog include a narrower head and muzzle and a slightly undershot jaw with a reverse scissors bite.
The Scott American bulldog has a strong urge to chase prey and they can sometimes behave aggressively toward other dogs.
To learn more about the American bulldog, go to American Bulldog: Choosing an American Bulldog.
To learn more about the types of bulldog, go to Learn More About the Types of Bulldogs.