The Maltese dog breed has a long and distinguished history. As the most dramatic member of the toy breed group, the Maltese's long white flowing coat may have been the reason he was a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I.
History and Origin
For over 28 centuries, the Maltese has been depicted in paintings, ceramics and literature. The breed has even been memorialized in Greek tombs and is typically thought of as a dog of royalty and nobility. With a Mediterranean heritage, the breed hails from Malta and has always been a human companion and beloved pet.
The origins of the Maltese are traced back to spaniels, not terriers as you might think. The long silky white hair coat hangs to the ground and made the breed a cherished pet of noble ladies in the 1800s. Due to their diminutive size, these dogs were typically carried in the ladies' sleeves or tucked into their bosom.
In 1877, the Maltese was first shown at the Westminster Dog Show. At that time, the breed was called the Maltese Lion Dog. In 1879, the breed was again shown at Westminster, this time under the name Maltese Skye terrier, though it is not a terrier. Eventually, the breed was accepted into the toy breed group of the American Kennel Club as the Maltese in 1888.
Appearance and Size
The most striking characteristic of the Maltese is the long, silky, white hair coat. The breed is tiny, standing 8 to 10 inches high at the shoulder and weighing only 4 to 6 pounds, but he has the appearance of elegance and grace. The neck is long and the rounded head is held high. The muzzle is moderate in size and the ears are set low. The hair on top of the head is typically divided in the center and gathered into two topknots, secured with rubber bands.
Though the Maltese is tiny and looks like a terrier, the breed is actually associated more with spaniels. This means that the Maltese is not known for mischief and troublemaking that plagues the terrier group. Quiet and docile, the Maltese enjoys spending peaceful time with his companions. But, the Maltese can also be lively and active when necessary.
Home and Family Relations
The Maltese is a loving and devoted family pet. He can spend hours on a family member's lap, relishing the attention. Since they are tiny, they are not recommended for small rambunctious children or older rough playing children. The Maltese is an excellent dog for the elderly. If the hair coat is kept groomed, shedding is minimal.
The Maltese is the quintessential pet. Other than standard obedience, he does not really need further training.
The long flowing hair coat of the Maltese requires daily grooming. People unable to groom daily sometimes choose to have the hair trimmed.
Common Diseases and Disorders
The life span of the Maltese is 14 to 16 years.
We realize that each dog is unique and may display other characteristics. This profile provides generally accepted breed information only.