Fleas, Ticks and Worms – Recommendations for Controlling Them in Dogs

Recommendations for Parasite Control

Administer year-round treatment with heartworm preventives that have broad-spectrum activity against parasites with zoonotic potential.

Administer preventive flea and/or tick products year-round.

  • Conduct annual physical examination with complete history.
  • Conduct annual heartworm testing in dogs and periodic testing in cats.
  • Feed pets cooked or prepared food (not raw meat) and provide fresh, potable water.
  • Conduct fecal examinations two to four times during the first year of life and one to two times per year in adults, depending on patient health and lifestyle factors.
  • Administer anthelmintic treatment to puppies at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of age, followed by administration of a monthly preventive.
  • Administer biweekly anthelmintic treatment to kittens between 3 and 9 weeks of age, followed by administration of a monthly preventive.
  • Treat nursing bitches and queens along with their offspring.

    If optimal year-round heartworm preventive/intestinal parasite products are not used:

  • Deworm puppies at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks of age.
  • In kittens, begin biweekly anthelmintic treatment between 3 and 9 weeks of age and then again monthly until 6 months of age.
  • Conduct fecal examinations two to four times a year in adult pets, depending on patient health and lifestyle factors, and treat with appropriate parasiticides.
  • Test for heartworm status yearly in dogs and/or before starting preventive medications.
  • Tailor parasite prevention programs to parasite prevalence and pet lifestyle factors.

    http://www.petsandparasites.org/about/parasite-control-guidelines.html

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