Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (Bloat) in Dogs



Most dogs that die from complications of GDV will do so within the first four days post-operatively. The mortality rate is approximately 15% for dogs treated surgically. The mortality rate is more than 30% for dogs treated surgical for which gastric resection is required. With surgery, recurrence rates are less than 10%.

Optimal treatment for your pet requires a combination of home and professional veterinary care. Administer prescribed medication as directed and be certain to contact your veterinarian if you are experiencing problems treating your pet. Observe your pet’s general activity level, appetite, and interest. Keep your pet in a supervised area of the home.

Antibiotic therapy is usually continued for seven to ten days. Drug therapy for ventricular arrhythmias (such as procainamide), is sometimes needed if arrhythmias are very severe.

Feed small frequent meals, often using a bland diet. Your veterinarian will discuss diet with you. Limit water intake for one hour after eating and always prevent your pet from ingesting large volumes of water. Avoid any exercise after eating. Do not elevate feeding bowls.

Re-evaluation by your veterinarian is often recommended in seven to ten days with suture or staple removal and examination of the heart rate and rhythm.


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