Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease and can be transmitted to humans. The Centers for Disease Control has reported an average of 50 to 100 cases per year for the past 20 years and a few cases come from contact with rats or dogs. The majority of human infections are among those who engage in water sport activities or who experience occupational exposure to wildlife or domestic animal hosts. It has a very low fatality rate in humans.
Diseases causing similar symptoms in dogs include the following:
Other causes of kidney failure in dogs
Other causes of liver failure in dogs
In-depth Information on Diagnosis of Canine Leptospirosis
Diagnostic tests are needed to verify the diagnosis of leptospirosis and exclude other causes of similar signs and optimally evaluate your pet for this disorder. Tests may include the following:
In-depth Information on Therapy of Canine Leptospirosis
Therapy for leptospirosis in dogs may include one or more of the following:
Follow-up Care for Dogs with Leptospirosis
Optimal treatment for your dog requires a combination of home and professional veterinary care. Follow-up care can be critical, especially if your dog does not rapidly improve. Administer all prescribed medication as directed. Alert your veterinarian if you are experiencing problems treating your pet.
If your dog has permanent kidney damage as a result of the leptospirosis, you may need to feed him a special low-protein diet. Monitor your dog’s food intake, water intake and body weight.
Blood and urine tests will need to be repeated and monitored frequently to assess the final extent of any kidney damage.
Consider vaccination for any other dogs in the household. There is a new vaccine (Duramune DA2P+Pv/LCI-GP) that immunizes dogs against four serovars of the leptospirosis organism. Previous vaccines only immunized against two serovars.