Poison and Your Dog – What You Need to Know


Dogs are known to eat things they should not. To make matters worse, some of these items prove toxic. There are more than 100,000 cases of pet poisoning in the United States each year, and a fair amount of these arise from human foods that poison canines.

Here are 10 human foods that routinely poison dogs (read on for the remainder of the list):

  1. Chocolate
  2. Raisins
  3. Mushrooms
  4. Xylitol (sweetener commonly in gum and pastries)
  5. Grapes
  6. Vitamins
  7. Chewing Gum
  8. Bones
  9. Uncooked Chicken
  10. Macadamia Nuts


Rodenticide Poisoning in Dogs

Rodenticide poisoning is the accidental ingestion of products used to kill rodents such as mice and rats. These products are common and accidental exposure is frequent in dogs. The impact on the poisoned animal varies depending on the type of poison ingested. A dog may develop a bleeding disorder, neurological problems, gastrointestinal distress, or kidney failure. In some cases, rodenticide poisoning is fatal.

Should you suspect your canine has ingested rodenticide, consult your vet immediately. Veterinary care for rodenticide poisoning varies based on the type of poison ingested, the amount ingested, and the length of time elapsed since ingestion. Treatments range from inducing vomiting to use of intravenous fluids to pumping the stomach.

Lead Toxicity in Dogs

Lead toxicity refers to poisoning due to ingestion or inhalation of products containing the element lead. Dogs may be exposed to lead from various sources including: Lead paint, lead pellets, lead weights, household items, automotive parts, construction equipment, plumbing fixtures, and roofing materials.

Puppies are more likely to ingest materials containing lead because of their normal chewing and play activities. Lead toxicity can cause anemia (low red blood cell count), gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea), and nervous system problems (seizures). There is no home care for lead poisoning. Seek veterinary expertise promptly if you have reason to believe your dog has ingested lead-containing materials.

Resources for Dog Poison Prevention

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