Structure and Function of the Ear in Dogs

Below is information about the structure and function of the canine ear. We will tell you about the general structure of the ear, how the ear works in dogs, common diseases that affect the ear and common diagnostic tests performed in dogs to evaluate the ear.

What Is the Ear?

The ears are the paired receptor organs designed for the special senses of hearing and maintaining balance. Each ear is divided anatomically and functionally into regions called the external (outside) ear, the middle ear and the inner ear.

Where Is the Ear Located on a Dog?

The ears are located on both sides of the head. The external ear is identified by the visible portion of the ear, called the pinna. The pinnae of dogs vary greatly in their size and shape. The pinnae of some breeds are short and erect, while other breeds have long, floppy pinnae.

What Is the General Structure of the Canine Ear?

The ear is divided into three portions:

What Are the Functions of the Ear in Dogs?

The two main functions of the ear are to detect sound and allow for hearing, and to maintain balance.

What Are Common Diseases of the Ear in Dogs?

What Types of Diagnostic Tests Are Used to Evaluate the Ear?