What Are Common Diseases of the Canine Eye?
Despite the relatively small size of the eyes, any disorder that might impact sight is considered serious. A surprisingly great number of diseases affect the various structures and portions of the eye. The common diseases include injury and trauma, conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva or “pink eye”), corneal ulcers, corneal inflammation (keratitis), inflammation of the uveal layer of the eye (uveitis), glaucoma (high pressure within the eye), and certain diseases of the retina and orbit. A variety of tumors can also affect the eyelids, internal structures of the eye, and the orbit.
What Types of Diagnostic Tests Are Used to Evaluate the Eye?
Veterinarians and veterinary ophthalmologists use a number of different tests to evaluate the eye. Specific tests are designed to evaluate selected segments and functions of the eye. A thorough ophthalmic examination using an external light and ophthalmoscope is very important. In addition, the following tests are important disgnostic tools: