Structure and Function of the Muscular System in Dogs

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What Types of Diagnostic Tests Are Used to Evaluate Muscles?

  • Serum muscle enzymes – These tests measure the enzymes of muscles that are released into the blood stream when the tissue is damaged or inflamed or when a lot of muscle activity has occurred.
  • Electromyography (EMG) – This test assesses the electrical properties of skeletal muscle.
  • Muscle biopsy – Biopsy is the removal and microscopic examination of muscle tissue. It is used to detect inflammation and infection within the muscle and to determine whether a tumor of muscle is malignant or benign.
  • Radiography – X-rays do not reveal much information about muscles, but they can detect abnormalities in the surrounding bony structures.
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