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Summer is a time for block parties, picnics in the park, barbecuing, or just sitting at your favorite stream, with fishing rod in hand and your dog at your side. Whatever you do to kick back this weekend or summer holiday, keep in mind a few concerns regarding your pets, parties and outdoor activities.
It may be tempting to give your pet all those leftovers to reduce the amount you have to carry home, but try to resist his soulful begging. Instead of reducing baggage, you may cause gastrointestinal upset, which can result in vomiting and diarrhea. Pets are not used to the high fat foods that are commonly associated with picnics and parties. Mayonnaise and other dairy based items can be particularly bad; dogs and cats do not have the necessary enzymes to digest dairy products and spoilage can cause food poisoning.
Even if you feed your pet non-dairy items like fried chicken or hamburgers, their pancreas may not be prepared for those foods. The pancreas can become inflamed, leading to pancreatitis and abdominal pain, anorexia and vomiting.
Not only do table scraps pose a threat but so does the charcoal and lighter fluid used to barbeque. Ingesting ash or charcoal can result in significant stomach irritation.
Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies
At picnics and parties we use a variety of disposable items, such as styrofoam and plastic utensils. Unfortunately, pets may ingest some of these items, leading to gastrointestinal obstruction. Another concern is playing with small balls such as SuperBalls or racquetballs. Many dogs love to play fetch with these but if they are too small, the ball can become lodged in the throat and obstruct the airway. Make sure the toys you use are too big to be swallowed or stuck in the throat.
The ideal weather for picnics and outdoor parties is a warm sunny day. Keep in mind that your pet may not be able to dissipate heat as well as you. Avoid exercise in the mid afternoon heat and always have plenty of water available. Stop all play and exercise if your pet seems weak or disoriented.
Water is often a major part of outdoor family activities. Usually water activities are fun, relaxing and entertaining, but tragedy can occur without proper caution. Pets can drown in lakes and pools just like people. Even if your pet seems to want to keep playing fetch in the water, at some point you will need to take a break. Older dogs weaken more quickly, even if they are excellent swimmers, and when he is exhausted swimming and keeping his head above water more becomes more difficult.
Be on the lookout for stagnant pools of water. At certain times of the year, algae forms along the edges of stagnant or infrequently used bodies of water. Some forms of this algae, particularly blue-green algae, are very dangerous. Ingesting some of the algae can cause serious, rapid illness and can kill pets. Don’t allow your pet near stagnant water or algae, and make sure he doesn’t drink from these water sources.
Evening sets and soon the sky is filled with a brilliant display of fireworks. This display can be quite distracting and you may not remember to think of your pet, who may be nearby trembling and looking for a safe place to hide. Loud noises and bright lights can easily frighten your pet, which can cause him to run away. If the display is set off near your pet, he may be hurt by impact injury and burns. Then afterward, the area may be filled with hot ashes and remnants of the fireworks, which can burn your pets feet and noses. Be very careful when combining pets and fireworks. Keep your pet on a leash and confined, and don’t let him investigate. If he becomes frantic, take him somewhere safe and quiet or even go home.
Fishing is a popular spring and summer activity. Be aware that the bait you use to catch fish is also tempting to your pet. Many dogs and cats have eaten bait – along with the hook and line. Your pet might also step on a hook, which will result in embedding of the hook in the skin.
The most important thing to remember regarding swallowing a hook is NOT TO PULL THE LINE. This will result in setting of the hook and increasing the chance that your pet will require surgery to remove it. Tie the line to your pet’s collar to prevent him from swallowing more of the line and contact your vet. Removing hooks in the skin can be challenging but may be possible. Cut off the barb end and pull it through. Consult your veterinarian if you are unable to remove the hook.