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Uncomplicated Dental (Tooth) Fractures in Dogs

Overview of Uncomplicated Tooth Fractures in DogsDental fractures are a common problem in veterinary medicine. Both dogs and cats experience these fractures at a rate of 10% to 20% of all pets. Dogs, however, not only seem likelier to sustain these types of injuries, they’re also susceptible to a wider variety of dental fractures than their feline counterparts.
Fractures are often roughly classified as either complicated or uncomplicated.Due to their typical differences in cause, diagnosis and treatment, there is a separate article for complicated dental fractures in dogs.For dogs, the most often affected teeth include the two maxillary canine teeth (their “fangs”) and the maxillary fourth premolars (the two largest teeth) which are located on both sides of the upper jaw. The canines of the lower jaw (mandlible) and the mandibular incisors (smallest teeth) are next most likely to suffer uncomplicated fractures.Uncomplicated dental fracture types include the following:- Enamel infraction (incomplete crack in the enamel)

What to Watch For:

The clinical signs of dental fractures are not always as obvious as dog owners might suppose. Indeed, most dogs don’t display any outward signs of discomfort. In large part, that’s because most uncomplicated fractures are not painful. That is, unless the pulp becomes infected or the fracture extends beneath the gumline.

Most of these dogs manage to avoid detection either by chewing with the other side of their mouths or by swallowing their food whole.

Owners who brush their dogs’ teeth or are otherwise able to explore their dogs’ mouths may observe one or more of the following signs:

Diagnosis of Uncomplicated Tooth Fractures in Dogs

Diagnosis of uncomplicated dental fractures is generally achieved by simple observation. However, dental X-rays may be required in some cases to ensure the integrity of the affected tooth’s root.

Dogs and cats whose dental fractures have led to a tooth root abscess may notice swelling on the side of the face and sometimes even open, oozing sores on the face (most commonly under the eye).

Treatment of Uncomplicated Tooth Fractures in Dogs

Treatment of uncomplicated dental fractures depends on their type:

Veterinary Cost Associated with Uncomplicated Dental Fractures

The cost of dental fractures varies depending on the kind of fracture and the elected level of treatment. Because many uncomplicated fractures are left untreated, the expense of their treatment tends to be minimal.

If restoration is elected, as is recommended with most, expenses generally come in at $300 to $500. Board-certified veterinary dentists, however, may charge more for this procedure.