Ureterolithiasis (Stone in Ureter) in Dogs

Overview of Canine Ureterolithiasis

Ureterolithiasis is the formation of a stone within a ureter, which is the tiny tubular structure through which the urine passes from the kidney to the bladder. This conditon affects both dogs and cats. In dogs, the dogs age, sex or breed predilection often depends on the stone type.

Previous treatment of kidney stones, or nephroliths, by lithotripsy – which uses shocks waves to dissolve the stones – medical dissolution or surgery are predisposing factors.

Causes of Ureterolithiasis in Dogs

There are several types of stones that affect cats and dogs. Each type of stone is often associated with it’s own specific cause. General causes include:

What to Watch For

Signs of Ureterolithiasis in dogs may include:

In cases of associated infection or kidney failure, watch for systemic signs of illness including:

Diagnosis of Ureterolithiasis in Dogs

Diagnostic tests for Ureterolithiasis may include:

Treatment of Ureterolithiasis in Dogs

Home Care and Prevention

Administer all medication and diet as directed by your veterinarian and return for follow-up as recommended. If any change is noted in your dog’s condition, notify your veterinarian. Promptly treat any factor that could predispose your dog to calculi or urinary tract infections. Dietary manipulation may be of benefit in helping to prevent the formation of certain stones.