A smiling Samoyed dog in a flower patch.
A smiling Samoyed dog in a flower patch.

Samoyed

avatarAlanna Mallory, BS, LVT, VTS (SAIM)

Height19 - 23.5"
Weight50 - 65 lbs
TypeWorking
Life Expectancy12 - 15 years
Area of OriginSiberia

Energy Level

Playfulness

Friendliness to dogs

Friendliness to strangers

exercise requirements

affection level

friendliness to other pets

watchfulness

Grooming Requirements

Vocality

The Samoyed is a strong, but gentle, Working Breed dog that dates back to the 18th century. They are known for their brilliant white haircoat and "smiling face." However, that captivating smile is not only for appearances. The upturned mouth prevents drooling, which helps them avoid icicle formation in arctic temperatures. Surprisingly, the Samoyed was not known for hunting, but used to pull sledges and herd reindeer. They are extremely friendly dogs that love human companionship. Samoyeds are intelligent, but independent, so early training is recommended for this breed. As a working dog, they like to stay active, so daily walks suit them best. Be sure to keep them on a leash, because they can run for miles without tiring if they get away from their owners. Samoyeds truly enjoy family time, and leaving them alone for long periods can result in destructive behavior. Their glorious double coat is best suited for cooler temperatures, so monitor them closely in warmer climates, as they have a tendency to overheat. The Samoyed's haircoat does require daily brushing, but the resulting glimmering, white fur makes it all worth it! They are excellent watchdogs and are truly kind, making them excellent additions to the family. The Samoyed's cheerful presence is sure to bring joy to all those they encounter.

Energy Level

Playfulness

Friendliness to dogs

Friendliness to strangers

exercise requirements

affection level

friendliness to other pets

watchfulness

Grooming Requirements

Vocality

Where Are Samoyeds From?

The Samoyed was first reported in the 18th century as a working dog for the Samoedic people of northern Siberia. During the day, they were used to pull belongings from place to place, as well as herd reindeer. By night, they were watchdogs and companions that were kept inside their owners’ tents. Their luxurious fur was also used as clothing to keep their owners warm.

The breed reached England in 1889 via an explorer named Ernest Kilburn-Scott, and have since gained popularity. Samoyeds have been integral members of expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. They made their way to Australia after Scott used the breed in a South Pole expedition. Queen Alexandra was also a fancier of the breed, and the Samoyed has since made its way into American kennels. In 1906, the American Kennel Club registered its first Samoyed.

Where Are Samoyeds From?

The Samoyed was first reported in the 18th century as a working dog for the Samoedic people of northern Siberia. During the day, they were used to pull belongings from place to place, as well as herd reindeer. By night, they were watchdogs and companions that were kept inside their owners’ tents. Their luxurious fur was also used as clothing to keep their owners warm.

The breed reached England in 1889 via an explorer named Ernest Kilburn-Scott, and have since gained popularity. Samoyeds have been integral members of expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. They made their way to Australia after Scott used the breed in a South Pole expedition. Queen Alexandra was also a fancier of the breed, and the Samoyed has since made its way into American kennels. In 1906, the American Kennel Club registered its first Samoyed.

Care

What Kind of Diet Does a Samoyed Need?

The Samoyed should be fed a high-quality, age-appropriate diet. They can become overweight if their caloric intake is not properly monitored. Obesity can worsen arthritis or hip dysplasia, so it is ideal for your pet to maintain a healthy weight.

Caring for a Samoyed

What Kind of Diet Does a Samoyed Need?

How Much Grooming Does a Samoyed Dog Need?

Are Samoyeds Healthy Dogs?

How Much Training Does a Samoyed Need?

How Much Exercise Does a Samoyed Dog Need?

What Kind of Diet Does a Samoyed Need?

The Samoyed should be fed a high-quality, age-appropriate diet. They can become overweight if their caloric intake is not properly monitored. Obesity can worsen arthritis or hip dysplasia, so it is ideal for your pet to maintain a healthy weight.

What Are the Physical Characteristics of a Samoyed?

Samoyeds are medium-to-large-sized dogs that are built for agility and endurance. Their long, double haircoat is both weather resistant and radiant. They have a signature “smiling face” and pointed ears. They stand 19 – 23.5 inches tall and weigh 50 – 65 pounds.

The corners of the Samoyed mouth are upturned, creating a signature smile, which helps prevent icicle formation. Their heads are wedge-shaped with a medium-sized muzzle and erect, triangular ears. Eyes are dark with an alert appearance, and the nose is black.

Yes, Samoyeds are strong, due to a lean, muscular body, dense bone structure, and sturdy loins.

The Samoyed tail can be held curled up over the hind end when the dog is alert, but is usually dropped down when resting. It is of medium length with long, fluffy hair.

Samoyed forequarters consist of long, parallel legs with feathered hair and sloped shoulders. They have large feet with long, arched toes and thick paw pads to withstand the elements.

Samoyeds come in white or biscuit colors, as well as combinations of the two. Their long, weather-proof double coat should have hints of sparkling silver when caught by the light.

Samoyed hindquarters consist of muscular thighs and legs that are parallel to the front. Their feet are large, with arched toes and thick paw pads.

Samoyed Facts

1

Queen Alexandra of Denmark thoroughly enjoyed the Samoyed breed, and ancestors of her dogs are still prevalent in England and America today.

2

Samoyeds accompanied Roald Amundsen, an explorer from Norway, on his successful voyage to the South Pole in 1911.

3

The Samoyed's luxurious haircoat is not just a thing of beauty. It also serves as protection from both the harsh Arctic winter and the swarming mosquitoes of summer.

Other Breeds to Explore

Siberian Husky
Choosing a Norwegian Elkhound
Alaskan Malamute

References

  • Morris, Desmond. Dogs: The Ultimate Dictionary of Over 1,000 Dog Breeds. Trafalgar Square, 2002.
  • American Kennel Club. The Complete Dog Book. Random House Digital, Inc., 2006.
  • Wilcox, Bonnie and Chris Walkowicz. The Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World. T.F.H Publications, Inc., 1995.
  • Samoyed Dog Breed Information. American Kennel Club, 2020.
  • AIS/PennHIP FAQ. ANTECH Imaging Services, 2016.
  • What is Canine Hip Dysplasia?. Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. 2020.
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus. American College of Veterinary Surgeons. 2020.

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