In 1886, the American Kennel Club registered the bulldog. The bulldog is a good-natured dog who loves everyone. He is a great family dog with a laid-back attitude.
The word “bulldog” may mean many different things to different people. That’s because there are many different types of bulldogs to choose from, each with its own unique characteristics and appearance. In general, these dogs are medium sized, but a lot heavier than you might think.
Here are the different types of bulldogs.
- English bulldog
- French bulldog
- American bulldog
- Olde English bulldog
All bulldogs share a common background. Their ancestors were used for bull baiting. That’s when a bull is tethered while the bulldog grabs the bull by the nose and pins it to the ground. So it makes sense that these dogs had a determined nature. They also had stocky bodies, large heads and strong jaws.
While these different types of bulldogs share a common background, they have different histories, different appearances and different temperaments.
Types of English Bulldogs
People often wonder about the types of English bulldogs. In actuality, there are no different types of English bulldogs. While other types of bulldogs, like the American bulldog, have different types, there is only one type of English bulldog.
But when it comes to personality and temperament, there are many types of English bulldogs. Some types of English bulldogs are social and people oriented. Others are dependable and predictable. And some types of English bulldogs are more of a watchdog.
The English bulldog, also known as the British bulldog, originated in the British Isles. It descended from the ancient Asiatic mastiff. It is a medium size dog with a compact body. Typically, an English bulldog will stand about 16 inches tall and weigh somewhere between 50 to 55 pounds.
This type of bulldog is brawny. This little powerhouse has a large head and body. The forehead of the English bulldog is full of wrinkles. (You should clean these wrinkles on a regular basis to avoid skin infections.) These dogs have a wide, short muzzle. The face of an English bulldog is very short with a flattened appearance. Another trademark characteristic of the English bulldog is that the lower jaw protrudes in front of the upper jaw, giving it an underbite and a comical grin.
English bulldogs have a winning personality. They love their people and they get along with children splendidly. They are very kind and devoted to their family members, but they may act aggressively towards strangers. English bulldogs are eager to please with a gentle, sweet nature, which makes it a wonderful family pet. They love being with their humans.
Originally bred for bull baiting, this breed is courageous with excellent guarding skills. They can be aggressive to unknown dogs.
To learn more, go to Types of English Bulldogs.
You can also read English Bulldogs – Choosing an English Bulldog.
Johnson American Bulldogs and Scott American Bulldogs: What’s the Difference?
While most people have heard of the English bulldog and the French bulldog, many may not know about the American bulldog. The American version of the bulldog has longer legs, and it is faster and agiler than the English bulldog. Muscular, sturdy and powerful, they were used as working dogs for many tasks including guarding and hunting.
The American bulldog is known for its loyalty and bravery. This breed loves children and has strong protective instincts. When they are raised with cats and other dogs they will generally get along well, but they can be aggressive toward unknown cats and dogs. The American bulldog has a lifespan of about 10 to 12 years.
Over time, the American bulldog came very close to extinction. But in the mid-20th century two men decided to restore the American bulldog – John D. Johnson with his stud dog “Dick the Bruiser” and Allen Scott with his stud dog “Mac the Masher”.
Johnson American bulldogs are also known as classic American bulldogs. This type of American bulldog is the larger of the two types. Typically the Johnson American bulldog will stand about 23 to 27 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 90 and 120 pounds.
The Johnson American bulldog has heavier bones, wider chests and boxier heads. It more closely resembles the English bulldog. It has an undershot bite.
The Scott American bulldog is often called the standard American bulldog. It stands about 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder. The Scott American bulldog looks like an oversized white pit bull. The Scott American bulldog has longer legs that are positioned under the body, not out to the side like the Johnson American bulldog. This dog has a longer muzzle. The bite is either level or a slight underbite.