Pug Dog Encephalitis

Overview of Pug Dog Encephalitis

Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) is a unique form of brain inflammation affecting adolescent and young adult pugs. It is believed to be a genetic condition, as littermates and closely related dogs are often affected. It is a rapidly progressing disorder for which there is no cure.

The cause of the condition is unknown. Although infectious disorders are known to cause encephalitis, infection is apparently not the cause of PDE. Recent studies suggest that an abnormal response by the body’s immune system may play a role in the development of the disorder.

The disease is limited to pugs. Female pugs are slightly more likely to be affected compared to males. Although it has been reported in middle aged pugs, the majority of affected pugs are less than 3 years old, and pugs as young as 6 months can be affected.

PDE is invariably fatal. All dogs either die or are put to sleep within a few months after the onset of clinical signs.

Affected dogs show clinical signs that indicated a problem with the brain and nervous system.

What to Watch For

Signs of Pug Dog Encephalitis may include:

See your veterinarian immediately if any of these signs develop.

Diagnosis of Pug Encephalitis

Diagnostic tests are needed to recognized PDE and exclude other diseases, including:

Treatment of Pug Encephalitis

Although PDE is invariably fatal, treatment may control clinical signs for a brief period of time. Treatment may include the following:

Home Care and Prevention

Administer all medication as prescribed.

As the disease is believed to be genetic, there are no preventative measures. Affected dogs should not be bred, and owners of any littermates or closely related dogs should be informed that their dog is highly susceptible to the condition.