Preparing a homemade pet food for your dog.

Can Homemade Pet Food Provide a Balanced Diet?

There’s a lot of debate surrounding the topic of homemade pet food. Some people believe that it can be just as balanced as commercial pet food. But others are convinced that it’s not possible to create a well-rounded homemade diet for cats and dogs.

So, what’s the truth? Can homemade pet food be truly balanced the way commercial pet food is supposed to be? And if so, is it realistic for the average pet parent to create a balanced homemade diet for their pet? In this article, we’ll answer these questions and more to help you make the best decision for your furry friend.

What Is “Complete and Balanced” Pet Food?

You’ve probably noticed that many commercial pet foods are labeled as “complete and balanced.” But what does this actually mean?

In order to be considered complete and balanced, a pet food must meet the nutritional requirements set by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). Put simply, the food must contain all the nutrients a pet needs to stay healthy in the correct proportions.

So, when you see the term “complete and balanced” on a pet food label, it means that the food is formulated to provide your pet with all the nutrients they need. All you need to do is choose a food that matches the type of pet you have and their individual life stage.

What Nutrients Do Pets Need to Stay Healthy?

Pets need a variety of macro and micronutrients in their diet to stay healthy. Macronutrients are the nutrients that pets need in larger quantities, while micronutrients are those they need in smaller amounts.

Here’s an overview of the most important nutrients that make up a healthy diet for cats and dogs:


Protein is an essential macronutrient your pet’s body needs for a wide range of functions, including growth and development, tissue repair, and energy production. Good sources of protein include lean meat, poultry, fish, and eggs. Protein can also be found in plant-based foods, such as legumes and grains.


Fat is another essential macronutrient that’s made up of fatty acids. Dietary fat provides energy and supports the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. It’s also important for skin and coat health, brain function, reproductive health, and more. Good sources of fat include fish oil and plant-based oils such as flaxseed oil and coconut oil.


While carbohydrates are not essential, they can be an important source of energy for pets. Healthy carbohydrates like fruits and vegetables also provide vital nutrients like vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. In addition, carbohydrates are high in dietary fiber, which is beneficial for digestive health.

Vitamins and Minerals

Pets need a variety of vitamins and minerals to stay healthy. Some of the most important micronutrients in this category include vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K, calcium, iron, magnesium, and zinc. Vitamins and minerals can be found in a wide variety of foods, including fruits, vegetables, meat, poultry, and fish.


Water is an essential part of your pet’s diet. It aids in digestion and nutrient absorption, helps regulate body temperature, promotes joint health, and more. Pets should always have access to clean filtered water and should drink plenty of it every day.

Can I Create a Complete and Balanced Homemade Pet Food?

So far, we’ve discussed what complete and balanced pet food is and the nutrients pets need to stay healthy. But can homemade pet food truly be balanced? And can pet parents realistically create this type of diet for their furry family members? The answer to both of these questions is “yes,” but with a few important caveats.

While it may seem overwhelming to create a complete and balanced homemade diet for your pet, it is possible with a little effort. However, it’s very important to work with a veterinarian or veterinary nutritionist when planning your pet’s diet.

A qualified expert will consider factors such as your pet’s age, weight, activity levels, and medical history when designing a diet that’s right for them. Please do not risk your pet’s health by trying to create a homemade diet without professional guidance.

Once you have a diet plan in place, it’s relatively simple to create a complete and balanced homemade pet food. Just make sure to use high-quality ingredients and follow recipes exactly. This means choosing human-grade ingredients you would feed your family, and avoiding adding or substituting ingredients or even changing cooking methods.

Many pet parents find that the main disadvantage of homemade pet food is that it can be very time-consuming to prepare. So, if you’re not willing or able to cook for your pet every day, homemade food may not be the best option for you. Instead, feeding high-quality, complete, and balanced pet food might be a better solution.

Always Discuss with Your Vet

No matter what diet you choose for your pet, the most important thing is that it provides all of the nutrients they need to stay healthy. With careful planning and execution, you can create a homemade diet that’s complete and balanced for your pet. However, it’s vital to consult with a veterinarian or veterinary nutritionist to make sure your pet’s diet meets their individual needs.

If you don’t have the time or resources to create a homemade diet, there are many high-quality, complete, and balanced pet foods available on the market. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to which diet is best for your pet, so be sure to discuss all your options with a qualified veterinary professional.