breed
breed

English Bulldog

avatarStephanie Lenoir LVT, VTS (ECC)

Height16"
Weight40-55 lbs
TypeNon-Sporting
Life Expectancy8-10 years
Area of OriginGreat Britain

Energy Level

Playfulness

Friendliness to dogs

Friendliness to strangers

exercise requirements

affection level

friendliness to other pets

watchfulness

Grooming Requirements

Vocality

The English Bulldog is known for being friendly, docile, and loving toward their owner. They have a kind and courageous temperament. This breed has become one of the most popular in the United States because of their loving personality and low-energy level. Heavy breathing and exuberant snorting are common traits for this breed. Their demeanor makes them suitable for families with children and multiple pets. However, they can become aggressive with unfamiliar dogs. They are currently classified as a non-sporting breed by the American Kennel Club.  

Energy Level

Playfulness

Friendliness to dogs

Friendliness to strangers

exercise requirements

affection level

friendliness to other pets

watchfulness

Grooming Requirements

Vocality

Where Do Bulldogs Get Their Name?

The English Bulldog can be traced back to the British Isles, sometime around the beginning of the 13th Century. They acquired their name because they were trained for the sport of bull baiting. This was a popular sport in medieval times and consisted of using dogs to provoke and attack bulls while spectators watched and bet on the outcome. The original Bulldogs were known for being ferocious and insensitive to pain, having been bred from a long line of fighters. They weighed about 80 pounds during that time period, which is much larger then the Bulldogs that are bred today. In 1835, this sport became illegal in Europe and Bulldogs became useless to their sporting owners and almost extinct. Fortunately, a few generations later, breeders started refining the qualities of the breed and eliminating the aggressive and undesirable traits.

They were accepted by the American Kennel club (AKC) in 1886 and were the 26th breed to be recognized. The English Bulldog has since developed into one of the most popular companion animals in the US.

Where Do Bulldogs Get Their Name?

The English Bulldog can be traced back to the British Isles, sometime around the beginning of the 13th Century. They acquired their name because they were trained for the sport of bull baiting. This was a popular sport in medieval times and consisted of using dogs to provoke and attack bulls while spectators watched and bet on the outcome. The original Bulldogs were known for being ferocious and insensitive to pain, having been bred from a long line of fighters. They weighed about 80 pounds during that time period, which is much larger then the Bulldogs that are bred today. In 1835, this sport became illegal in Europe and Bulldogs became useless to their sporting owners and almost extinct. Fortunately, a few generations later, breeders started refining the qualities of the breed and eliminating the aggressive and undesirable traits.

They were accepted by the American Kennel club (AKC) in 1886 and were the 26th breed to be recognized. The English Bulldog has since developed into one of the most popular companion animals in the US.

Care

Do English Bulldogs Have Weight Issues?

The English Bulldog requires a high-quality, balanced diet. This breed tends to overeat, so they should be observed to ensure that they’re not being overfed. Excessive weight can lead to health issues in Bulldogs in particular, since they are a brachycephalic breed. You can consult your veterinarian if you have any concerns regarding their weight. Your vet can also help develop a weight management program and address any itching or hair loss, which may be an indication of food allergies.

Caring for an English Bulldog

Do English Bulldogs Have Weight Issues?

Do English Bulldogs Need Baths?

Why Do Bulldogs Have So Many Health Problems?

Can You Train an English Bulldog?

How Much Exercise Does an English Bulldog Need?

Do English Bulldogs Have Weight Issues?

The English Bulldog requires a high-quality, balanced diet. This breed tends to overeat, so they should be observed to ensure that they’re not being overfed. Excessive weight can lead to health issues in Bulldogs in particular, since they are a brachycephalic breed. You can consult your veterinarian if you have any concerns regarding their weight. Your vet can also help develop a weight management program and address any itching or hair loss, which may be an indication of food allergies.

What Are the Traits of an English Bulldog?

Bulldogs have a distinctive look. They are stocky, with massive, wide shoulders, broad chests, and slightly-bowed front legs. Their heads are large with a flat, smushed nose that is covered in folds and wrinkles. Ears are small and folded downward.

The English Bulldog head is very large and round, with a flat forehead. They have the typical “smooshed” facial appearance. The muzzle is very short and broad and turned upwards towards the corner of the eyes. This breed has massive jaws, with a protruding lower jaw. The lips are thick and broad, and should completely overhang the lower jaw on both sides. The nose is large and black in color with wide nostrils. Wrinkles commonly surround the face and neck, and skin in this area is extremely loose.

This is a very muscular, heavy, and solid breed. They stand about 16 inches from their shoulders to the ground with an average body weight of 40 to 55 pounds.

The Bulldog has a screw-shaped tail that is very short and highly tucked. Ensure that you groom the fold between the base of the tail and the body, as yeast and bacterial infections flourish in this area.

The front legs are shorter than the hind legs. Shoulders are very broad, extremely heavy, and muscular. The front legs are widespread and slant out. Paws are of a medium size.

The coat is short, flat, and straight. Typically, it will have a silky-smooth texture to the touch. Their coats can come in a variety of colors, like red and brindle, white and brindle, pure white, solid red, fawn, fallow, or piebald.

The hind legs are muscular, and should be longer than the front legs. Hocks are bent, and the stifle is slightly bent outward.

English Bulldog Facts

1

Bulldogs are not suited for swimming due to their body weight and short legs. Owners need to be cautious around pools and bodies of water.

2

In 1835, this breed was known as the Bull-baiting dog, Old English Bulldog, and British Bulldog.

3

Bulldog mothers often have difficulty giving natural birth due to the size of their puppies' heads, so a caesarean delivery is commonly performed to ensure each animal's safety.

Other Breeds to Explore

French Bulldog
American Bulldog: Choosing an American Bulldog
Boston Terrier

References

  • Morris, Desmond. Dog: The Ultimate Dictionary of Over 1,000 Dog Breeds. Trafalgar Square, 2002.
  • American Kennel Club. The complete Dog Book. Random House Digital, Inc., 2006.
  • Wilcox, Bonnie and Chris Walkowicz. The Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World. T.F.H Publications, 1995.

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